End of Arm Tooling

End of Arm Tooling & Gripper Solutions

End of arm tooling and gripper systems are used to design and build robotic end effector tools, fixturing tools and ergonomic tooling for use on every type of robotic automation equipment.

End of arm tooling can be found in applications such as packaging, palletising, plastic injection moulding, automotive assembly and almost any industry where automated systems and robotic applications are feasible.

end of arm tooling
ALM - End of Arm Tooling

ALM EOAT specialise in the design and manufacture of bespoke vacuum and mechanical gripping systems to handle components weighing upwards of 750kgs to components as small and fragile as a pharmaceutical vial.

Our end of arm tooling design team are experts in;

Mould Tool Design

Mould Tool Design
and Moulding Processes

End of arm tooling custom plastic injection moulding services. Specialist small batch & production. In-house design.

Transfer Systems

Transfer Systems
and Fixture

Our transfer system and fixtures design team is dedicated to supporting all of your needs for End of Arm Tooling projects.

robotic process automation

Robotic Automation
and robotic

ALM can help your business save time and money and boost employee productivity and energy by reducing time on tasks.

Talk to us about your EOAT project

What We offer

Design | Manufacture | Assemble | Test | Handover

All under one roof at our facility in the North East of England

Ninety per cent of most automation projects consist of modular items such as transfer systems, robot arms and workstations.

However, the final ten per cent of the project encompasses the interface between the product and the automated system. This ten per cent of the project can create ninety per cent of the headaches.

If the end of arm tooling and work piece pallets don’t correctly fit the end components, the system will not produce the desired productivity gains and associated profits.

Robot End of arm tooling is a critical element in robot automation cells and is the interface between the whole system and the product. If the system doesn’t hold the product safely and securely without damaging the part, then the system won’t work.

robot arm long with pipes

Our Expertise

ALM EOAT can be found in the following areas of industry

  • Palletising Goods
  • Bag Grippers
  • Vacuum Pad EOATs
  • Fork Style EOAT for open top containers
  • Carton Clamping EOATs
  • Machine Tending
  • Loading & Unloading CNC Machines
  • Injection Moulding
  • De-moulding
  • Insert moulding
  • Two part moulding with changeover
  • Transfer and Conveyor Systems
robotics end of arm tooling

How We Work

EOAT (End of arm tooling) and gripper systems are used to design and build robotic end effector tools, fixturing tools and ergonomic tooling for use on every type of robotic automation equipment.

End of arm tooling can be found in applications such as packaging, palletising, plastic injection moulding, automotive assembly and almost any industry where automated systems and robotic applications are feasible.

End of arm tooling can be manufactured from component kits or bespoke EOAT manufactured to suit a specific application.

ALM Engineering Solutions focus on the design and manufacture of Bespoke EOAT, this method of manufacture utilizes CAD models detailing tooling and components along with available product data.

Alternatively, ALM Engineering Solutions can work alongside your robotics and automation integrator, providing a design and build facility for the bespoke items of the project.

Kit forms are time consuming to build and usually involve the assembly line or manufacturing cell being off line while the tooling is built in situ. They also require the complete kit of parts to be specified in advance and ordered from a selection of third party suppliers prior to the build.

ALM Engineering Solutions partner with you, the customer to ensure the project objectives are fully understood. This provides a clear roadmap for our engineers to follow ensuring timescales, milestones and installation deadlines are achieved.

Regular communication between you and our engineers provides you with confidence the project is on time or, if required, allows additional resources to be pooled to regain the schedule.

This method of manufacture creates available end of arm tooling to coincide with the arrival of mould tools or production builds and eliminates costly down time while in-situ kit builds are typically produced.

ALM have in house design, CNC manufacture, 3D printing and testing facilities to ensure the end effectors are proven and ready for immediate use.

EOAT Components

Rotary Units / Tilt Units

These are designed to allow the EOAT to pivot on the end of the robot arm without the need to move the robot itself. This allows components to be precisely placed into packaging containers or transfer systems and provide an extra axis for the robot arm.


These are moving fingers or clamps which “grip” specific elements of the workpiece. They are available in many forms and power options to suit the specific application and environment.

Examples include;

Parallel Grippers

As the name suggests, these typically consist of two moving clamps which grip the part by moving parallel to each other. They are available in a wide range of sizes to suit every job. Parallel grippers can be powered by compressed air or electricity.

Angular Grippers

These take many forms and can be used as Sprue Grippers where the jaws of the gripper move in an angular motion like a scissor action. They can also have multiple jaws, for example a 3 jaw angular gripper can be used to pick circular objects. These are available as compressed air or electrically powered grippers.

Expansion Grippers

These are ideally used to hold inserts prior to pacing in a mould tool or to locate the EOAT into a cavity prior to gripping. They can be useful when there are no normal places for a traditional gripper to hold the component.

One finger grippers

Typically used to clamp a component in place, either by wrapping around the edge of the part or to hold the part in place for robotic operations such as drilling/screw insertion etc.

Magnetic Grippers

For handling small parts in ferromagnetic material

Vacuum Grippers

These consist of a vacuum cup and a pipe fitting which allows the cup to be connected to the vacuum generator. Vacuum cups come in a wide range of shapes and sizes, this allows the design engineer to select the correct fitting to acquire the component with minimal force.

Vacuum Grippers are used widely in de-moulding operations where the plastic moulding is transferred from the mould to the next workstation or conveyor. They are usually combined with sprue grippers and snippers to ensure the sprue is handled and disposed of correctly and therefore doesn’t impede the process flow.

Air Nippers / Air Shears

Can be fitted to the end of arm tooling or optionally to a cutting station. Used to trim unwanted sprues or parts from the component prior to its next workstation.

Linear Actuators

Used to add additional axes to End of Arm Tooling for example, they can be fitted to the EOAT to provide a quick side shift within the mould tool envelope whilst the robot arm remains stationary. This can speed up the changeover time and provide additional programming options/functionality for the robot arm.

Frame Profiles

Aluminium extrusion which is used to build the EOAT framework.

Mounting clamps

Angle clamps, cross over clamps, extension clamps used for mounting gripper arms, vacuum cups and grippers to the EOAT.

Frame Connectors

Used to build a finished frame from the aluminium extrusion.

Pneumatic connectors / vacuum fittings

These connect the pneumatic or vacuum supply to the relevant grippers and tools.

Swivel Arms

These offer unlimited positioning of the suction cup, making it easy to adjust the position to find the right spot on the component for it to be handled or held.

Quick Change System

Used at the interface between the end of arm tooling (EOAT) and the robot arm to allow fast changeovers of EOAT from one product to another. These can be manually operated or highly sophisticated automatic tool changers.

Wrist Extensions

Used to add length from the robot arm to the point of placement, used for reaching into deep containers or awkward positions. These are manufactured in a range of standard sizes however custom sizes are also available in short lead times.

Vacuum Generators

Powered by compressed air, the vacuum generator can be fitted close to the suction cups, ideally on the robot arm or EOAT to minimise the piping required and to facilitate ease of maintenance and quick tool changeovers.